The leaked IAEA report on Tuesday indicated that Iran has significantly increased its pace of 60% uranium enrichment, posing a greater threat to Israel and the West than the conflicts in Gaza or Lebanon. This acceleration suggests the potential for Iran to develop a nuclear arsenal rather than a single weapon. At its current rate, Iran could produce enough uranium for a new nuclear weapon every four-and-a-half months. While it may not make sense for Iran to launch a nuclear attack on Israel, given the Jewish state’s reported possession of 80-200 nuclear weapons, the decisions of fanatical religious leaders are not always rational. The recent assault by Hamas on October 7, despite the potential for a massive Israeli response, demonstrates this lack of rationality. The incident also suggests that Iran may be less likely to take risks considering the consequences. However, the prospect of an Iranian nuclear arsenal is concerning, especially since Iran has already reached sufficient levels of enriched uranium to potentially develop around half a dozen nuclear weapons. The longer IAEA inspectors are kept out of Iran, the greater the risk of Iran weaponizing its uranium without detection. Furthermore, an arsenal of nuclear weapons could discourage preemptive strikes by Israel and the US, similar to the situation with North Korea. Overall, the development of an Iranian nuclear arsenal would significantly alter the security landscape in the Middle East.