Iraq: The Battlefield for Fading Factions Resolving Vengeance

Iraq continues to be plagued by internal discord, with the divisions among Shi’ites, Sunnis, and Kurds deepening in the absence of the authoritarian rule of Saddam Hussein. The subsequent American occupation failed to establish a functional institutional state, leading to the exacerbation of sectarian divisions for opportunistic gain. This was evident in the growing loyalty of Shi’ite groups to Iran, the pursuit of independence by Kurdish factions, and the wavering loyalties of Sunni Muslims. These divisions have manifested in missile strikes launched from Iraqi territory, targeting Israeli and American bases in Syria and Iraq, leading to retaliatory strikes and ongoing Turkish bombings. The central government’s inability to rein in organizations operating outside its authority and recent attacks launched by the Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps demonstrate that Iraq has become a battleground for competing forces to settle their scores. This fragmented scenario requires a reevaluation of Iraq’s federal formula to establish a comprehensive democratic order that transcends sectarian interests and fosters a unified Iraqi state.