Since the Islamic Revolution in 1979, Iran has been working behind the scenes to foster unrest in the Middle East. The country has created and empowered several terrorist organizations to advance its anti-Israel and anti-U.S. agenda. Iran aims to expand its influence globally, with proxies and organizations operating in Latin America, Africa, and the Middle East.
The Islamic Republic has many proxies in the Middle East that operate within their respective countries and against Israel, the U.S., and other Western nations. According to Dr. Menahem Merhavy, Iran’s goal is to avoid combat on Iranian soil while spreading its influence to other countries. Here are some examples of Iranian-backed organizations in the region:
Iraq: Shi’ite Iranian-backed resistance movements, such as Kata’ib Hizbullah, pose a threat to American and British forces. The group has been involved in attacks against U.S. soldiers and has received extensive support from Iran.
Yemen: The Iranian-backed Houthi movement presents a challenge to Saudi Arabia and has targeted the critical oil industry. The group views Israel and the U.S. as enemies and has launched missile attacks against them.
Lebanon: Hizbullah is a Lebanese-based Shi’ite terrorist group supported by Iran and responsible for attacks against Americans. The organization has built up a large rocket arsenal, posing a significant threat to Israel.
Gaza Strip and The West Bank: Hamas, an Islamist group supported by Iran, has launched attacks against Israel and developed a network of underground tunnels. The organization is dedicated to the destruction of Israel and has pursued cyber espionage operations.
Overall, Iran uses its proxies to apply pressure on its adversaries, and these organizations play a key role in Iran’s efforts to advance its global agenda. The widespread influence of these groups underscores Iran’s commitment to spreading unrest and pursuing its hostile goals in the region.